[Free] 2018(Jan) EnsurePass Examcollection GED GED-Social-Studies Dumps with VCE and PDF 191-200

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GED Social Studies Exam

Question No: 191

Although food is relatively cheap in the United States, Americans pay a high price-with many hidden costs.A person can find American raspberries on sale in Britain at cheaper prices than those charged for British-grown raspberries.Some retailers prefer suppliers who can provide a year-round flow of produce, rather than switch to local raspberry producers who can only supply berries during one season.

Furthermore, because fuel costs are relatively low, big supermarkets can get a better deal from countries where wages are low.Thus, for a few cents of savings at the supermarket, local rural economies are weakened.

Based on this information, which statement describes a hidden effect of the sale of foreign- grown food on a local economy?

  1. Local food often tastes better.

  2. Local food becomes poor in quality.

  3. Name-brand food is less dependable.

  4. Foreign food is exotic and desirable.

  5. Local farmers may go out of business.

Answer: E

Question No: 192

Which statement is best supported by the excerpt below?

“. . . the environmental crisis we now confront is quantitatively and qualitatively different from anything before, simply because so many people have been inflicting damage on the world’s ecosystem during the present century that the system as a whole-not simply its various parts-may be in danger.”

Excerpted from Paul Kennedy, Preparing for the Twenty-First Century (New York: Random

House, 1993), 96.

  1. Ecological problems in one region of the world affect the entire world.

  2. The quality of Earth’s ecosystems is improving.

  3. Some parts of Earth’s environment are damaged while some parts are improving.

  4. Problems in Earth’s environment began during the 20th century.

  5. Today’s environmental problems have been the same throughout history.

Answer: A

Question No: 193

Budget deficits force U.S. and Canadian leaders to make hard choices.In each country, a large portion of the budget pays interest on the national debt.With remaining tax dollars, national lawmakers must decide how much money to spend on programs such as defense, health care, education, transportation, and environmental cleanup. Each of those programs has its own strong supporters.

Based on the information above, if legislators wished to get re-elected, which of the following should they do?

  1. vote to increase defense spending

  2. vote to increase the national debt

  3. poll voters and groups about their views

  4. cross party lines to vote with the opposition

  5. vote to eliminate most social programs

Answer: C

Question No: 194

In 1901, President Theodore Roosevelt stated, “We demand that big business give people a square [fair and honest] deal.” Roosevelt later became known as a “trust-buster” [one who seeks to break up large business combinations].

Which action by the U.S. government best reflects Roosevelt’s 1901 statement?

  1. The government grants secret trading privileges to a foreign nation.

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  2. The government allows tax breaks to a computer manufacturer that supplies free computers to a public school.

  3. The government sues a utility company that creates a monopoly.

  4. The Federal Reserve Bank raises interest rates by 0.5%.

  5. The government awards an oil company the right to drill for oil on federal lands.

Answer: C

Question No: 195

– Exhibit-

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– Exhibit –

Which statement expresses one of Andrew Carnegie’s main points?

  1. All workers should be paid the same wages.

  2. The rich and poor are natural enemies.

  3. No one should have more money than his neighbor.

  4. There is no hope for progress for the human race.

  5. Competition in business benefits society.

Answer: E

Question No: 196

– Exhibit-

– Exhibit –

Which conclusion about life in the United States in 1898 is best supported by the photograph?

  1. Many immigrant families were wealthy.

  2. Many tenements had windows and plenty of fresh air.

  3. Many workers living in the city had few possessions.

  4. Many cities had no low-cost housing.

  5. Many immigrants moved away from the major port cities.

Answer: C

Question No: 197

– Exhibit –

– Exhibit –

Andrew Carnegie stated that:

“Surplus wealth is a sacred trust which its possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the good of the community. . .”

Based on this statement, which belief did Andrew Carnegie most likely hold?

  1. be undemocratic

  2. be punished for their greed

  3. be happy living in tenements

  4. make charitable contributions

  5. give all of their money to their families

Answer: D

Question No: 198


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According to the graph, which sector in the United States used the most fresh water in 1998?

  1. commercial sales

  2. agriculture

  3. households

  4. mining

  5. recreation

Answer: B

Question No: 199


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Which action does the principle illustrated in the diagram require most individuals, governments, and societies to do?

  1. use up all available resources

  2. produce goods as fast as they can

  3. choose between wants and needs

  4. make economic decisions quickly

  5. spend the least money

Answer: C

Question No: 200

In 1933, Adolf Hitler became chancellor (prime minister) of Germany.In 1934, he became the dictator of Germany.

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Based on the graph and the information, which reason helped cause the change in unemployment in Germany between 1933 and 1937?

  1. World War I had resulted in many German casualties.

  2. German weapons production increased, raising the demand for labor.

  3. Britain and France sent foreign aid to Germany.

  4. There was a general increase in world trade from 1930 to 1937.

  5. By 1933, the Great Depression had ended.

Answer: B

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